Eugene Rousseau (1932, Blue Island, Illinois) studied at the Paris Conservatory on a Fulbright grant with Marcel Mule. Following his studies at the Paris Conservatory, he earned a doctorate degree at the University of Iowa (1998) where his principal teacher was Himie Voxman. Since his Carnegie Hall debut in 1965, Eugene Rousseau has performed across America and in five continents. He was among the first to give solo saxophone recitals in Paris, Berlin, Vienna, London and Amsterdam. Rousseau has appeared with the Minnesota Orchestra under Leonard Slatkin, the Pan-American Festival Orchestra under Lukas Foss, the Indianapolis Symphony under Raymond Leppard and Phillipe Entremont, the BBC Orchestra in London, the Janácek Philharmonic (Czech Republic), the Prague Symphony, the Kansai Philharmonic (Osaka), the Santiago Philharmonic (Chile) and many more. He holds the title of Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Indiana University, having served on the IU faculty from 1964 to 2000. Rousseau joined the faculty of the University of Minnesota School of Music in fall 2000. In 1993, Rousseau was awarded the rank of Honorary Professor at the Prague Conservatory.
He has given a yearly master course at the prestigious Mozarteum in Salzburg from 1991 to 2001, marking the first time that the saxophone was included at that institution. Rousseau has premiered numerous works written for him. The catalogue of Eugene Rousseau recordings includes more than a dozen discs. In 1972, Yamaha Corporation, Japan, appointed Rousseau Chief Consultant for Saxophone Research and Development. Rousseau has also studied and researched the artistic and acoustic characteristics of saxophone mouthpieces, developing and overseeing production of a line of classical and jazz saxophone mouthpieces that bear his name.In 1969 he cofounded the World Saxophone Congress. Eugene Rousseau has numerous scholarly and pedagogical works to his credit, many of which have also been published in French, Japanese and German.